Dimension: 21,2 x 29,5 cm
Painting technique: Ink on paper
Painting style: Surrealism, Expressionism, Post-Impressionism
An author, artist and provocateur, Salvador Dalí was one of the most notable figures of the Surrealist movement. Born in 1904 in Figueras, Catalonia, Dalí studied art in Madrid and Barcelona, where he demonstrated masterful painting skills and experimented with several artistic styles. In the late 1920s, two chief influences emerged that shaped his mature artistic style. The first was the work of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud that explored the erotic significance of dreams and subconscious imagery. The second was his introduction to the Paris Surrealists, a group of artists and writers who sought to unlock the creative potential of the human unconscious.
In 1929, Salvador Dalí burst onto the art scene with the debut of Un Chien Andalou (An Andalusian Dog) (1929), a short silent surrealist film he made with Spanish director Luis Buñuel.
The film propelled the authors to the center of the French surrealist circle led by André Breton. Between 1929 and 1973, Dalí produced some of the most famous surrealist paintings, including his masterpiece, The Persistence of Memory (1931). The painting depicts a dreamworld in which common objects are deformed and displayed bizarrely and irrationally: watches, solid and hard objects appear to be inexplicably limp and melting in the desolate landscape. In the painting, he effortlessly integrates the real and the imaginary in order “to systemize confusion and thus to help discredit completely the world of reality”.
In 1940, during World War II, Dalí and his wife Gala moved to the United States. Henceforth, Dalí worked in a variety of media, designing theatre sets, furniture, jewelry, and even display windows for fashionable shops. In 1942, he published his most intriguing book, the autobiography The Secret Life of Salvador Dali.